Martin Roland completed vocational training for general practice in Cambridge in 1979.
He then moved to a lecturer post at St Thomas's Hospital Medical School before returning to his training practice as a principal in 1983.
In 1987 he took on the joint post (with Nigel Oswald) of Director of Studies in General Practice at the Clinical School before moving to the Chair of General Practice in Manchester in 1992. Subsequently he also was appointed Director of the National Primary Care Research and Development Centre.
In 2009, he returned to Cambridge to the inaugural chair in Health Services Research. His research focuses on developing ways of measuring and improving the quality of primary care. Martin has been a practising GP for over 30 years, currently in a practice in Cambridge. He was appointed CBE in 2003 for services to medicine.